A few days ago I had the pleasure of working with a Lens Lugger on a seldom used technique that will instantly move the image to another level.
One of the biggest problems with most images is too much stuff in the frame. Distractions can kill an otherwise worthy subject.
Distractions can be either around the edges of the frame. To solve that, use a telephoto lens. A long lens offers a narrower beam of focus, so junk on the edges aren’t in the image. The other thing is to get closer to the subject – same result.
The other distraction occurs in the background of the subject. Often light areas go unnoticed when occupied with the subject, especially if it’s a bee flying around, like the above subject. Onece again get closer to the subject and if you get closer with a telephoto lens you can blow the background away.
For the point and shoot camera or smart phone find an area that is void of any background, like a dark sky or dark tree.
If you are using a telephoto lens open the aperture all the way, then if you need more Depth of Field, simply stop down a little at a time until you have what you want. If you need to get closer to a subject, use an extension tube (comes in set of three, usually). You will increase magnification and really get super Bokah.
For more information I notice in this mornings mail an article on close shooting — The Ultimate Guide Macro Photography by Darlene. This is also a great site to follow.